Top 7 Unesco World Heritage Sites in Australia

This is a Guest Post by Rohit Agarwal.

Let’s face it: a tag in the present times has a monumental value attached to it and, if it is to be arbitrarily bestowed upon by an organization of international configuration, the value goes up multifold especially if it comes from the World Heritage Convention, an important cultural arm of Unesco.

The World Heritage Convention is an organization that picks and tags World Heritage Sites all across the world. Once a site or structure has been stamped as one, it is liable for all special treatment, including protection for one, with utmost care. Australia has many historical sites that have entered the list. These are the top 7 Unesco World Heritage Sites in Australia.

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Old Government House, Paramatta, Sydney

This is one structure that has had the honour to be the residence of 10 governors of New South Wales between 1800 – 1847 A.D. Located in the large parkland of Paramatta, a suburb of Sydney.

It is considered the archaeological symbol of the British reign of the 1820s, which influenced the country. It has been declared a monument of international importance, a collection of colonial furniture, apart from all the importance and terms. It has been part of the World Heritage Sites since July 2010 and is the oldest living public building.

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Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney

This building is actually in the form of a museum made in bricks by convict architect Francis Greenways in the year 1818-1819. It is situated next to Hyde Park, hence the name.

This is actually one of the Australian Convict Sites, as the original purpose was to house convict men and boys and ranks among the top for transportation of the convicts. After convicts’ transportation got over, it also acted as home to various orphan girls acting as refugees. It is open for public entry and is very popular.

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Cockatoo Island, New South Wales

Cockatoo is the largest among the innumerable islands on which sandstones were used, creating a structure that is a kind of hillock. This rose to a height of 18 meters above sea level, and the current spread of it is 17.9 hectares.

This island has been one of the biggest shipyards operational base between 1857-1991, heavily promoting Australia’s industrialisation. It is actually proof of what a hat is like and stands for shipping. However, it has also been a site of convict punishment between 1839-1869. It was recognized as a World Heritage Site in July 2010. Sydney Harbour Trust currently manages it.

The Great North Road, New South Wales

The Great North Road was constructed to connect two important points of the country: Sydney and the Hunter Valley towards the north. This was completely a task of convicts who constructed this historic road between 1825-1836. Some parts of it are still not in good condition.

It is a whopping 260 kilometres in the distance and was considered to be made on an absolute unusable terrain. Some carvings on the roadsides give proof for its construction. This was included in the World Heritage Sites in August 2007, as it is symbolic of one of the many significant public infrastructural bid developed by convicts. It signified the important power of the Europeans during that reign.

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Kingston and Arthur Vale Historic Area, Norfolk Island

As the name itself suggests, this old campus, sorts of about 255 hectares, are situated on Kingston coastal plains, is a great living illustration of convict settlement.

It was the place where the harshest punishments occurred. The visitors can get an insight of the same when they visit this place, thanks to preserving the convict era. This area is surrounded by buildings and structures made during the British empire between 1788-1855 and is currently of great cultural and historical importance to Australia’s country.

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Port Arthur Historic Site, Tasmania

Port Arthur on the Tasman Peninsula – the southeast region of Tasmania – is a popular historic site. It’s an open-air museum and gives one a clear and chronological peep into the country’s history between the 18th and 19th century. This was a convict penal site and an asylum during the British regimen giving it the name of ‘Hell on Earth’. Ghost Tour is offered here at night with darkness around, telling about the various hidden mysteries of the cruellest convict punishment arcade.

Cascades Female Factory, Tasmania

This was a female convict penal site located in Van a Diemen’s Land, Hobart, Tasmania, between 1828-1856. It was also known as a female convict’s workhouse housing thousands of women and children.

A visit here may result in getting the visitors emotional from the sad and distress stories of the past of that place—the place where it is situated resulted in the ill-health of the convicts living there. There were various yards built with all requirements as the place was mostly overcrowded.

A World Heritage Site is a term that represents any site or structure, natural or artificial, which is recognized as one of exceptional importance by the cultural and ethical standards deemed with international standards. Australia has its fair share of World Heritage Sites that are unique and significant to its very existence. So, go and acknowledge!

Guest Author Bio: Travel experiences are enchanting and boundless for Rohit, and his stories are great and a treat to the readers of his website: Trans India Travels. You will find him enjoying good food at his favourite restaurant when not travelling.

Photo credits: Old Paramatta and Hyde Park Barracks by SV1Ambo, Kingston and Arthur Vale by Steve Daggar, Porth Arthur Historic Site by Marybugs

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7 Unesco World Heritage Sites in Australia
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7 Unesco World Heritage Sites in Australia
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